One of history’s Iron laws: luxuries become necessities and spawn new obligations …
- First they are taken for granted,
- Then they are counted upon, and finally
- They can’t be lived without
Hunter gatherers were trapped into lifestyle of agriculture. It was wheat that domesticated us. This was a much harder life for most but it did allow for larger communities to thrive.
Individuals -> communities: Required a system of beliefs, faith to bind increasingly large groups of people and enough food, water, clothing, shelter to support them.
Social hierarchies formed ⬅️ I guess they were always there … Even hunter gatherer societies would have had some sort of pecking order or natural grouping ⬅️ not everyone was a hunter
Life as a farmer was hard compared to foraging and hunting. Long hours in the field doing work humans weren’t really well adapted to.
Large stable food supply meant more births which ultimately made going back to pre agrarian untenable
Memory, writing, numbers, math, justice, interesting history
Different classes of people with different social norms and societal expectations. Hammurabi created a society with 3 classes:
Other examples ⬅️ blacks whites, rich poor
Not necessarily based on individual achievement … Often we’re born into the group we will spend our entire lives in
3 unifying forces in human history: money, steel, imperialism
Suffering caused by behaviour patterns of ones own mind ⬅️ Buddhism
Buddhism: Craving begets dissatisfaction. In happy times we worry about losing what we have or want even more. During sad times we worry about how to make things better, fleeing from grief and anguish. Can we accept things as they are without craving? Then we can be happy sad without negative aspects of craving…
Buddhism: Nirvana ⬅️ extinguishing the fire ⬅️ literal translation
1500ad started something unprecedented in human history -> humanity embraced its own ignorance. We used to ask somebody wiser and ignore “unimportant” facts
If you went to sleep in 1000ad and woke up in 1500, you’d see some change but you’d be probably be not completely out of sorts. If you did the same in 1500 and woke in 2000 you’d have no idea where you’d woken up… Heaven !!
Science and capitalism